TransUnion’s Vehicle Price Index: Impact of SA’s Junk Status Not Yet Visible
The South African motoring industry’s first quarter of 2017 was characterised by a slight strengthening in the performance of the Rand. Yet the positive benefits of a sturdier currency were short-lived, according to the TransUnion SA Vehicle Pricing Index (VPI). Furthermore, it is expected that the industry will fall short of WesBank’s 2017 prediction at the “Car of the Year Event” of a 1.7% (557 000) increase in total sales.
The VPI report examines the link between the year-on-year increase in vehicle pricing for new and used vehicles, drawing data from a basket of passenger vehicles incorporated from the top 15 volume manufacturers. Data is collected from across the industry and used to create the VPI.
The VPI report revealed an increase in pricing for new vehicles to 8.8% up from 6.6% in Q1 2016, while used vehicles prices have risen from 2.2% in Q1 2016 to 3.7% in Q1 2017. A slight surge is evident in vehicle sales in this quarter and, according to National Association of Automobile Manufacturers South Africa (NAAMSA), there has been a yearly increase of 2.1% in passenger vehicles and a marginal 1.1% increase on light commercial vehicles sales. Volkswagen and Toyota have captured more than 50% of the new car market, and lead the used car market as well, although there is not much difference separating the top tier from Ford, Hyundai and Mercedes-Benz.
According to the report, the further increase in new vehicle pricing can be attributed to domestic reliance on high volumes of imported vehicles that are subject to currency volatility. Furthermore, an underperforming GDP growth rate and economic instability has led to consumers enduring increases at a rate above CPI (Consumer Price Index) for the last five quarters - a trend that will continue throughout the year.
“With the recent ratings downgrade to Junk Status we are expecting to see lower access to credit, a weakening currency, rising inflation and even higher interest rates. Consumers will have even less disposable income which will force individuals to hold onto their vehicles for longer instead of replacing them,” said Derick de Vries, CEO, Auto Information Solutions at TransUnion.
Financial registration data has shown an upswing in consumer interest for used vehicles, with an increase of 26% in finance deals this quarter. New passenger finance deals have increased by 27% and the ratio between new and used vehicles financed has decreased from 2.50% to 2.49% from Q4 2016 to Q1 2017. “This means that for every new vehicle, 2.49 used vehicles are financed,” explained de Vries, “Another continuing trend is that the percentage of cars, both new and used, being financed under R200 000 remains constant from last quarter which shows that consumers are ‘buying down’ and looking for more value for their money.
Impact of Junk Status Downgrade
The VPI report also featured information about the impact of the recent Junk Status ratings downgrade to vehicle sales and price inflation in the medium- and long-term. With the possibility of a recession looming, should the Rand depreciate to R16-R17 against the dollar, this will have an extremely negative effect on vehicle index for new cars. Manufacturers may be forced to pass on the higher pricing to consumers which will result in a contraction of vehicle sales, as more than 70% of vehicles are imported and subject to currency volatility.
Additionally, finance houses could see an increase in risk premiums and perceived greater risk in the current economic environment may lead to higher interest rates charged to consumers. Cost of capital could become more expensive and result in lenders increasing interest rates charged while less disposable income could negatively impact approval rates. Consumers also might be faced with increased short-term insurance premiums as a result of increased repair costs based on the fact that 70% of parts are imported and subject to currency volatility.
“It’s difficult not to have a negative outlook for the medium- to long-term future, given our current economic reality. This might be an opportune time for consumers to consider fixed interest rates when taking out new loans, to have security in knowing that their monthly payments won’t rise should interest rates increase,” de Vries concluded.
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